Further to last week’s news that Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) has finally imposed a three-year General Licence restriction on the Leadhills Estate in South Lanarkshire (see here and here), there is now an explanation, of sorts, from SNH on the decision to issue the restriction notice.
It wasn’t just one alleged incident of illegal raptor persecution that triggered this sanction, but a series of them.
Well done to journalist Charlie Parker at The Times (Scotland) for getting the information.
According to Charlie’s article, SNH’s decision was based on “clear evidence” of the ‘illegal killing of a short-eared owl, two buzzards and three hen harriers’ that were ‘shot or caught in traps’ on Leadhills Estate since 1 January 2014 (when SNH was given the power to impose a General Licence restriction on estates or individuals in Scotland). SNH has also claimed that ‘wild birds’ nests have also been disturbed’, although there is no further detail on this.
An unnamed SNH spokesperson is quoted in the article as follows:
“The police have investigated each of these cases and while it is very clear that offences have been committed, as is often the case with these types of crime it hasn’t been possible to gather the evidence to identify the person responsible.
There is also similar historic evidence of incidents on this property pre-dating the incidents, although SNH’s decision is based on incidents which occurred since January 1, 2014“.
Most of the incidents listed by SNH have been well publicised –
- The alleged witnessed shooting of a short-eared owl in May 2017;
- The discovery of a buzzard in 2018 that was found to have been shot twice;
- The filmed buzzard that according to the RSPB was likely killed in a crow trap in January 2019
- The alleged witnessed shooting of a hen harrier in May 2017;
- The discovery of a male hen harrier in May 2019 whose leg was almost severed by an illegally-set trap next to its nest.
However, the alleged incident relating to a third hen harrier is less clear. SNH may be referring to the discovery in 2015 of a satellite-tagged hen harrier called Annie who had been shot, although her corpse was found on a neighbouring estate, not on Leadhills Estate. Or, perhaps there is another alleged incident relating to the shooting or trapping of a hen harrier on Leadhills Estate that has yet to be publicised? Time will tell.
There are two more quotes in The Times article that are worth a mention. First, one from Ian Thomson (Head of Investigations, RSPB Scotland) who said Leadhills Estate had a “long and appalling history” of confirmed raptor persecution incidents and,
“While this sanction is positive news, it is becoming increasingly clear that the threat of such a penalty is no deterrent to those whose sole motivation is the maximising of grouse numbers. Until sporting estates face the potential removal of the right to shoot, we do not believe there is a sufficient deterrent to those who continue to slaughter our birds of prey.”
Meanwhile, an unnamed spokesperson for Leadhills Estate is quoted as follows:
“The decision to restrict the general licence does make clear it is not inferring any criminal activity on the part of the estate. The estate condemns all forms of wildlife crime and all employees and agents of the estate are in no doubt as to their responsibilities“.
It’s our understanding that the General Licence restriction ‘does not infer any responsibility for the commission of crimes on any individuals‘ This is the exact wording from SNH’s restriction notice (see here). This statement is not the same as the one being claimed by Leadhills Estate, which argues that the restriction ‘is not inferring any criminal activity on the part of the estate’.
This sounds like real twilight zone material. SNH is holding the estate to account by imposing a sanction for alleged wildlife crimes because there is insufficient evidence to attribute the activity to an individual estate employee and the estate is saying that SNH’s decision to impose the sanction doesn’t infer any responsibility on the estate. Er….
More to come on the Leadhills Estate case soon…
6 thoughts on “SNH explains decision to impose General Licence restriction on Leadhills Estate”
It does seem ridiculous that 6 Raptors have died in 2 1/2 years, the minor punishment is issued of a general licence restriction and the estate does make clear it is not inferring any criminal activity on the part of the estate.
Surely there is evidence sufficient for a charge of [Ed: alleged] vicarious liability. This as I understand it does not require an individual conviction, similar to a general licence restriction. Can someone enlighten me if I’m wrong, please?
That article (it specifically highlights Leadhills) is very informative.
VL legislation was enacted in 2011 and there have only been two successful prosecutions. The instance of raptor persecution continues unabated.
Another Holyrood failure.
In the previous blog you mentioned that the estate could simply apply for individual licenses in place of the general license. After the changes to English general licenses, I’ve had a lengthy correspondence with Natural England about releasing locations for individual licenses. After an appeal NE still refuse to identify locations for any individual license, on the grounds of protecting the safety of individuals carrying out those licenses, in particular protection from “protest”. My argument – I believe a member of the public has a right to know if a crime is being committed and a plausible scenario would be an individual license only allowing the killing of a limited number of corvids and only certain corvid species, rather than carte blanche to kill any number of anything. We all hope the local police would be aware of the details and would monitor individual licenses but unfortunately the compliance is unlikely to be done effectively and NE certainly don’t have officers on the ground to do this either. That’s the English situation, what about SNH? If individual license details at Leadhills are not made public what’s the chance of compliance – pretty slim?
To be fair to SNH, where they have previously imposed a General Licence restriction on an estate, they have later provided details of the estate’s subsequent Individual licences (although only after we asked for them via FoI). For example, have a look at the use of individual licences on Raeshaw Estate:
It may be that SNH’s decision to release info contrasts with Natural England’s decision to withhold info because the circumstances are so different. I.e. in Scotland the individual licences were only issued because the GLs had been revoked on the estate (after ‘clear evidence’ of wildlife crime), whereas in England most recently the individual licences have been issued not because of ‘clear evidence’ of wildlife crime but because the GLs are being overhauled after Wild Justice’s successful legal challenge.
Nevertheless, this potential explanation doesn’t negate your argument about the public’s right to know what licences have been issued to kill what species, on what land.