Peregrine found poisoned on grouse moor in Peak District National Park

Press release from RSPB (2nd March 2021)

Peregrine poisoned in Peak District National Park

A peregrine falcon, which was found dead on a driven grouse moor in the Upper Derwent Valley, has just been confirmed as illegally poisoned following official toxicology analysis – adding to the growing list of protected birds of prey illegally killed during 2020’s spring lockdown – many of which were in the Peak District National Park.

The adult male bird was found dead, on top of the remains of a wood pigeon, on 31 May 2020 by a fell runner on National Trust land. This was close to a known nest site which, like several other sites in the Dark Peak, has a long history of poor breeding success.

[The poisoned peregrine, photo by the Peak District Raptor Monitoring Group]

It was reported to Derbyshire Police, who recovered the carcass assisted by raptor workers, and the body was submitted for government toxicology testing. The results have just been published and confirm that the peregrine was illegally poisoned with the toxic insecticide bendiocarb: a substance we know is illegally used to kill birds of prey.

Mark Thomas, Head of RSPB Investigations, said: “This latest incident adds to an appallingly long and growing list of crimes against birds of prey which took place during the first national Covid lockdown in 2020. At the time, the RSPB was working flat-out with police to investigate a high volume of incidents, the details of which are now beginning to emerge.

It is clear that certain criminals took lockdown as an excuse to ramp up their efforts to kill birds of prey, wilfully ignoring lockdown and the laws which protect these birds.

Time and again, we are seeing birds of prey shot, trapped or poisoned on grouse moors. The link between illegal killing of peregrines and other raptor species and driven grouse shooting has never been clearer, and we urge the UK government to implement a licensing system for grouse moors in England, as is proposed in Scotland. Law-abiding estates would have nothing to fear from this, and it would act as a greater deterrent, keeping birds safe, in the sky, for all to enjoy.”

Peer reviewed studies, crime data and court convictions show that raptor persecution is more concentrated on and near driven grouse moors, where birds of prey are seen by some as a threat to commercially managed red grouse stocks. In fact, a recent paper statistically linked crimes against birds of prey in the Peak District National Park with land managed for Driven Grouse Shooting.

It is believed that the wood pigeon was a poison bait, laid deliberately with the intention of killing any bird of prey or raven which fed on it.

Steve Downing, Chair of the Northern England Raptor Forum, said: “Incidents like this are sadly not uncommon in the Dark Peak, where peregrine populations have crashed in recent years. What’s more, a poison bait like this, on open-access land, could easily be picked up by someone’s dog with disastrous consequences.”

Jon Stewart, National Trust General Manager, said: “We protect and care for places so nature and people can thrive. In a year when three pairs of peregrine successfully raised young on Trust land in the Dark Peak, half of all successful pairs on the Peak District moors, we were very upset to hear of this incident.

We continue to work closely with the RSPB, police and statutory agencies to take action to combat wildlife crime. We urge anyone with relevant information about this incident to contact the police and help end the illegal persecution of birds of prey.’’

All birds of prey are protected by the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. To intentionally kill or injure one is a criminal offence and could result in an unlimited fine or up to six months in jail.

If you have any information relating to this incident, call Derbyshire Police on 101.

If you find a wild bird of prey which you suspect has been illegally killed, contact RSPB Investigations on or fill in the online form:

If you know of someone killing birds of prey, please don’t stay silent: call the confidential Raptor Crime Hotline on 0300 999 0101.


This latest crime should come as no surprise whatsoever to anyone even vaguely familiar with the Dark Peak area of the Peak District National Park. Dominated by driven grouse moors, this Park is notorious for raptor persecution and has been for decades, particularly impacting on goshawk and peregrine populations (e.g. see here), despite all the years of so-called ‘partnership’ efforts that have led to…..well, nothing but more of the same.

What is disappointing is that the poisoned bait and the dead peregrine were found on National Trust land – the NT has worked hard in the Park to restore raptor populations, even booting off a prominent sporting tenant three years ago (see here).

The press release is interesting, though. Once again, Derbyshire Police are conspicuously absent, the RSPB has had to lead on the publicity, and once again there has been a ridiculously long time lag between the commission of the crime and the publicising of it. There was a similar case in Derbyshire not so very long ago (see here) when this police force said that the circumstances of a poisoned buzzard being found dead next to a poisoned bait were ‘inconclusive’!

The 10-month time delay in publicising this latest poisoning case is very poor. The peregrine was found poisoned in May 2020 and the public isn’t made aware until March 2021? Now, we all know that Covid has had an impact on laboratory work and that’s unavoidable but I don’t believe for one second that it has taken the WIIS lab this long to produce the results. I think there’s more to it than that and I just wonder whether Derbyshire Police have played a role in the delay.

Something isn’t right and it needs sorting out, pronto.

UPDATE 11.30hrs: Mark Thomas, Head of RSPB Investigations has just tweeted:

The falcon was found on top of a plucked Wood Pigeon on National Trust land. Despite the investigation being closed, Derbyshire Police declined the opportunity to put this release out, we feel it is critical that the public are made aware due to the risk to them and their dogs‘.

I’ve asked Derbyshire Police’s Rural Crime Team, and the Chief Constable, why they refused to publicise this crime. Not only are there obvious public safety concerns but wildlife crime is supposed to be national wildlife crime priority.

Responses awaited.

26 thoughts on “Peregrine found poisoned on grouse moor in Peak District National Park”

  1. Derbyshire police do seem dodgy. Interesting that they took a very draconian approach to walkers and lockdown on open moorland. I wonder why? What a shame for NT – Doing such good work for raptors and then another poisoned bird.

    1. “Derbyshire police do seem dodgy.”

      Somewhat reminiscent of Inspector Clouseau. Collars someone for not having a licence for his monkey and is oblivious to a bank robbery going on at the same time.

  2. Cui bono? Who would benefit from the deaths of these birds? The estates on the moor must be searched thoroughly. People interrogate. If nothing found, the estates must be handed over to the state until the truth comes out.

    1. I’ve had a standard reply from the NT defending their stance, I believe they should be more concerned for the public and any possible duty of care.

  3. I understand from the blog that this illegally poisoned peregrine and the bait were found on land owned by the Natural Trust?
    Have the NT withdrawn the permission to shoot on land they own in the Peak District?
    If the land is leased, have they included within the lease, the right to immediately suspend the lease in cases where illegal activity is suspected?
    A statement on the NT website states- “All game shoots must comply with the industry ‘Code of Good Shooting Practice’ as well as various locally defined conditions set out in our licenses/leases.”
    I would hope that any agreement to allow game shooting would include a right to withdraw shooting, and access to land managed for shooting where incidents of raptor persecution were discovered?
    It would be a bit pointless to undertake raptor conservation work, and then have that good work undermined by the illegal activity of tenants or licence/ lease holders.

    Similar conditions – “to with draw access for game shooting, where incidents of raptor persecution are suspected”- could be included by any landowner who leases land for shooting. Such a move could set a benchmark for the game shooting industry, and hopefully help drive the criminals out of the industry. It would then be telling to see which landowners didn’t include such conditions within a lease or licence.

    1. There has been a case where the NT used a ‘mid-term review’ after a persecution incident, I think it was reported on here. I believe contracts are signed for ten years. Rational protest will help. I have done so. Here’s a general email…

      1. Sog
        Lets hope the NT reviews any leasing agreements on the land this peregrine was found.
        I will email them about my concerns.
        Hopefully its one of those matters many NT members and supporters will pick up on, and petition the executive to ensure leases for shooting can be terminated if evidence is found of suspected raptor persecution.

    2. A problem for the National trust is that their policy is decided, rightly or wrongly, by membership votes rather than by executive decision, AT THE MEETING. There is no postal or online voting. Proxy voting is possible but the proxy must be at the meeting. So the restoration of deer hunting on National Trust property for example, was voted through by a very small percentage of the membership who took the time to get organised. The voting policy should be reformed IMHO.

      1. Thanks, John, I can’t spare the time, energy and money to get to the meetings. I’ll be more aware of proxy votes from now on.

  4. I feel it is time to provide some historical perspective as the same policy of “culling” all creatures which hamper the numbers of grouse available to be shot. Consider the “shifting baseline syndrome” and the implication this has on todays understdadning of the severity of the issue.
    These creatures were killed in on the Glengarry Estate between and including the years from 1837-1840.
    Wildcat : 198 — Marten Ccat :246 — stoats and weasels :301 — Badgers : 67 — Otters : 48 — White Tailed Sea Eagles : 27 — Golden Eagles : 15 — Ospreys : 18 — Blue Hawks :98 — Red Kites : 275 — Goshawks :63 — Common Buzzards :285 — Rough-legged buzzards : 371 — Honey Buzzards : 3 — Kestresl : 462 — Merlin : 278 — Hen harriers :63 — Hooded Crows : 1431 — Ravens : 475 — Horned Owls : 35 — Fern Owls : 71 and Golden Owls 14.
    Source : “Silent Fields” by Roger Lovegrove, Oxford Press 2007 ISBN 978-0-19-852071-p

    1. I don’t understand the point you are trying to make?
      Up until 1832 we used to hang people for theft.
      Fortunately as a society we moved on since then.

      It is now illegal to kill any bird of prey.
      So the illegal killing of just one bird of prey -( bearing in mind the conservation status of many species) is totally unacceptable.
      What happened 180 years ago is irrelevant – just like how the courts dealt with people for theft !!

    2. Spot on George. They only reason they don’t kill so many now is because in most cases they have eradicated the species already!
      Nothing has changed in 180 years. Nothing ever will unless we get rid of the Tories for good and somehow ensure the land is managed as a National Park should be.
      Not in the interests of subsidised farmers and shooting estates.

    3. Hi George, I am puzzled as to what you are implying in your sentence that includes “…the implication this has on…” What do you mean, can you be clearer, please?

  5. Pretty strange that a police force isn’t interested in warning members of the public about poisoned baits being left out in the countryside. I can’t understand why they dont seem to want to comment on a protected species being illegally killed.

    1. “Pretty strange that a police force isn’t interested in warning members of the public about poisoned baits being left out in the countryside. I can’t understand why they dont seem to want to comment on a protected species being illegally killed.”

      Very pertinent comment and more than slightly disturbing.

  6. ARE the NATIONAL TRUST going to get rid of shooting tenant , ban driven grouse shooting stop illegal burning etc if not expect subscriptions to half .

  7. The shooting organisations need to condemn this , cases like this could lead to the downfall of their type of shooting. Crazy people doing this.

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